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Considerations When Buying a Puppy

A puppy can be referred as a juvenile dog. The puppy is a bit smaller compared to a dog. The puppies are purchased when they are still young, and they are trained to be responsible pets around the house. The training can be done by a professional who has done such business before and for this reason, you will be able to deal with the puppy without so much straining. The color of the coating of the puppy tends to change as it grows older. Puppies are tiny and adorable. They are also playful and affectionate to the owner. They can also provide security in the house by barking when there is someone new in the house. There are so many breeds that are available and hence, you can make a decision to choose the one that you desire and nurture him or her.
When you want to purchase a puppy, there are various factors that you should have in mind that will ensure that you give it the best life and you also enjoy having the puppy around. One of the considerations to make is whether you are ready for the puppy. Puppies are amazing pets to have at home, however, you need to know that they can consume your time. This is because you must be there to feed them and to ensure that they are well taken care of. When you are going for a vacation, you have to also know where to leave it. You must also make sure that if you leave it, you leave it with a trusted person who is going to feed it and not mistreat it at your absence. The young puppies eat about three to four times a day. You will then take them outside so that they can get rid of waste. You must know that before the puppy get used to the training, this means that you have to brace yourself to cleaning up the mess behind the puppy.
You must also consider the kind of puppy that will work for you. You must make sure that you list the traits that you need in your young dog before you buy it. Be sure of how big or small you want the puppy to be. There are also those that already trained and hence you will just need to make them feel familiar with your house. On the other hand if they are not trained, then you should do it yourself based on how you want the puppy to behave around you. If you want the dog active, then you must play with it all the time, and they will be used to that kind of life. You must also ensure that when you are not around, there is someone left behind to take care of it by taking the dog for a walk among other things.
Another considerations are the price. Different puppies will tend to cost differently. This is mainly based on the breed and how trained the puppy is. Make sure that you conduct research to be aware of all the qualities before you invest.

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and classmap class loader. * * $loader = new \Composer\Autoload\ClassLoader(); * * // register classes with namespaces * $loader->add('Symfony\Component', __DIR__.'/component'); * $loader->add('Symfony', __DIR__.'/framework'); * * // activate the autoloader * $loader->register(); * * // to enable searching the include path (eg. for PEAR packages) * $loader->setUseIncludePath(true); * * In this example, if you try to use a class in the Symfony\Component * namespace or one of its children (Symfony\Component\Console for instance), * the autoloader will first look for the class under the component/ * directory, and it will then fallback to the framework/ directory if not * found before giving up. * * This class is loosely based on the Symfony UniversalClassLoader. * * @author Fabien Potencier * @author Jordi Boggiano * @see http://www.php-fig.org/psr/psr-0/ * @see http://www.php-fig.org/psr/psr-4/ */ class ClassLoader { // PSR-4 private $prefixLengthsPsr4 = array(); private $prefixDirsPsr4 = array(); private $fallbackDirsPsr4 = array(); // PSR-0 private $prefixesPsr0 = array(); private $fallbackDirsPsr0 = array(); private $useIncludePath = false; private $classMap = array(); private $classMapAuthoritative = false; private $missingClasses = array(); private $apcuPrefix; public function getPrefixes() { if (!empty($this->prefixesPsr0)) { return call_user_func_array('array_merge', $this->prefixesPsr0); } return array(); } public function getPrefixesPsr4() { return $this->prefixDirsPsr4; } public function getFallbackDirs() { return $this->fallbackDirsPsr0; } public function getFallbackDirsPsr4() { return $this->fallbackDirsPsr4; } public function getClassMap() { return $this->classMap; } /** * @param array $classMap Class to filename map */ public function addClassMap(array $classMap) { if ($this->classMap) { $this->classMap = array_merge($this->classMap, $classMap); } else { $this->classMap = $classMap; } } /** * Registers a set of PSR-0 directories for a given prefix, either * appending or prepending to the ones previously set for this prefix. * * @param string $prefix The prefix * @param array|string $paths The PSR-0 root directories * @param bool $prepend Whether to prepend the directories */ public function add($prefix, $paths, $prepend = false) { if (!$prefix) { if ($prepend) { $this->fallbackDirsPsr0 = array_merge( (array) $paths, $this->fallbackDirsPsr0 ); } else { $this->fallbackDirsPsr0 = array_merge( $this->fallbackDirsPsr0, (array) $paths ); } return; } $first = $prefix[0]; if (!isset($this->prefixesPsr0[$first][$prefix])) { $this->prefixesPsr0[$first][$prefix] = (array) $paths; return; } if ($prepend) { $this->prefixesPsr0[$first][$prefix] = array_merge( (array) $paths, $this->prefixesPsr0[$first][$prefix] ); } else { $this->prefixesPsr0[$first][$prefix] = array_merge( $this->prefixesPsr0[$first][$prefix], (array) $paths ); } } /** * Registers a set of PSR-4 directories for a given namespace, either * appending or prepending to the ones previously set for this namespace. * * @param string $prefix The prefix/namespace, with trailing '\\' * @param array|string $paths The PSR-4 base directories * @param bool $prepend Whether to prepend the directories * * @throws \InvalidArgumentException */ public function addPsr4($prefix, $paths, $prepend = false) { if (!$prefix) { // Register directories for the root namespace. if ($prepend) { $this->fallbackDirsPsr4 = array_merge( (array) $paths, $this->fallbackDirsPsr4 ); } else { $this->fallbackDirsPsr4 = array_merge( $this->fallbackDirsPsr4, (array) $paths ); } } elseif (!isset($this->prefixDirsPsr4[$prefix])) { // Register directories for a new namespace. $length = strlen($prefix); if ('\\' !== $prefix[$length - 1]) { throw new \InvalidArgumentException("A non-empty PSR-4 prefix must end with a namespace separator."); } $this->prefixLengthsPsr4[$prefix[0]][$prefix] = $length; $this->prefixDirsPsr4[$prefix] = (array) $paths; } elseif ($prepend) { // Prepend directories for an already registered namespace. $this->prefixDirsPsr4[$prefix] = array_merge( (array) $paths, $this->prefixDirsPsr4[$prefix] ); } else { // Append directories for an already registered namespace. $this->prefixDirsPsr4[$prefix] = array_merge( $this->prefixDirsPsr4[$prefix], (array) $paths ); } } /** * Registers a set of PSR-0 directories for a given prefix, * replacing any others previously set for this prefix. * * @param string $prefix The prefix * @param array|string $paths The PSR-0 base directories */ public function set($prefix, $paths) { if (!$prefix) { $this->fallbackDirsPsr0 = (array) $paths; } else { $this->prefixesPsr0[$prefix[0]][$prefix] = (array) $paths; } } /** * Registers a set of PSR-4 directories for a given namespace, * replacing any others previously set for this namespace. * * @param string $prefix The prefix/namespace, with trailing '\\' * @param array|string $paths The PSR-4 base directories * * @throws \InvalidArgumentException */ public function setPsr4($prefix, $paths) { if (!$prefix) { $this->fallbackDirsPsr4 = (array) $paths; } else { $length = strlen($prefix); if ('\\' !== $prefix[$length - 1]) { throw new \InvalidArgumentException("A non-empty PSR-4 prefix must end with a namespace separator."); } $this->prefixLengthsPsr4[$prefix[0]][$prefix] = $length; $this->prefixDirsPsr4[$prefix] = (array) $paths; } } /** * Turns on searching the include path for class files. * * @param bool $useIncludePath */ public function setUseIncludePath($useIncludePath) { $this->useIncludePath = $useIncludePath; } /** * Can be used to check if the autoloader uses the include path to check * for classes. * * @return bool */ public function getUseIncludePath() { return $this->useIncludePath; } /** * Turns off searching the prefix and fallback directories for classes * that have not been registered with the class map. * * @param bool $classMapAuthoritative */ public function setClassMapAuthoritative($classMapAuthoritative) { $this->classMapAuthoritative = $classMapAuthoritative; } /** * Should class lookup fail if not found in the current class map? * * @return bool */ public function isClassMapAuthoritative() { return $this->classMapAuthoritative; } /** * APCu prefix to use to cache found/not-found classes, if the extension is enabled. * * @param string|null $apcuPrefix */ public function setApcuPrefix($apcuPrefix) { $this->apcuPrefix = function_exists('apcu_fetch') && ini_get('apc.enabled') ? $apcuPrefix : null; } /** * The APCu prefix in use, or null if APCu caching is not enabled. * * @return string|null */ public function getApcuPrefix() { return $this->apcuPrefix; } /** * Registers this instance as an autoloader. * * @param bool $prepend Whether to prepend the autoloader or not */ public function register($prepend = false) { spl_autoload_register(array($this, 'loadClass'), true, $prepend); } /** * Unregisters this instance as an autoloader. */ public function unregister() { spl_autoload_unregister(array($this, 'loadClass')); } /** * Loads the given class or interface. * * @param string $class The name of the class * @return bool|null True if loaded, null otherwise */ public function loadClass($class) { if ($file = $this->findFile($class)) { includeFile($file); return true; } } /** * Finds the path to the file where the class is defined. * * @param string $class The name of the class * * @return string|false The path if found, false otherwise */ public function findFile($class) { // class map lookup if (isset($this->classMap[$class])) { return $this->classMap[$class]; } if ($this->classMapAuthoritative || isset($this->missingClasses[$class])) { return false; } if (null !== $this->apcuPrefix) { $file = apcu_fetch($this->apcuPrefix.$class, $hit); if ($hit) { return $file; } } $file = $this->findFileWithExtension($class, '.php'); // Search for Hack files if we are running on HHVM if (false === $file && defined('HHVM_VERSION')) { $file = $this->findFileWithExtension($class, '.hh'); } if (null !== $this->apcuPrefix) { apcu_add($this->apcuPrefix.$class, $file); } if (false === $file) { // Remember that this class does not exist. $this->missingClasses[$class] = true; } return $file; } private function findFileWithExtension($class, $ext) { // PSR-4 lookup $logicalPathPsr4 = strtr($class, '\\', DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR) . $ext; $first = $class[0]; if (isset($this->prefixLengthsPsr4[$first])) { $subPath = $class; while (false !== $lastPos = strrpos($subPath, '\\')) { $subPath = substr($subPath, 0, $lastPos); $search = $subPath.'\\'; if (isset($this->prefixDirsPsr4[$search])) { $pathEnd = DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR . substr($logicalPathPsr4, $lastPos + 1); foreach ($this->prefixDirsPsr4[$search] as $dir) { if (file_exists($file = $dir . $pathEnd)) { return $file; } } } } } // PSR-4 fallback dirs foreach ($this->fallbackDirsPsr4 as $dir) { if (file_exists($file = $dir . DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR . $logicalPathPsr4)) { return $file; } } // PSR-0 lookup if (false !== $pos = strrpos($class, '\\')) { // namespaced class name $logicalPathPsr0 = substr($logicalPathPsr4, 0, $pos + 1) . strtr(substr($logicalPathPsr4, $pos + 1), '_', DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR); } else { // PEAR-like class name $logicalPathPsr0 = strtr($class, '_', DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR) . $ext; } if (isset($this->prefixesPsr0[$first])) { foreach ($this->prefixesPsr0[$first] as $prefix => $dirs) { if (0 === strpos($class, $prefix)) { foreach ($dirs as $dir) { if (file_exists($file = $dir . DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR . $logicalPathPsr0)) { return $file; } } } } } // PSR-0 fallback dirs foreach ($this->fallbackDirsPsr0 as $dir) { if (file_exists($file = $dir . DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR . $logicalPathPsr0)) { return $file; } } // PSR-0 include paths. if ($this->useIncludePath && $file = stream_resolve_include_path($logicalPathPsr0)) { return $file; } return false; } } /** * Scope isolated include. * * Prevents access to $this/self from included files. */ function includeFile($file) { include $file; }

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